: Companion dog
: Group 9: Companions and Toys - Section
1: Bichons and related Breeds. Without Working Trial.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE VALID ORIGINAL STANDARD
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
Its origins are confused with
those of the Maltese, because its distant ancestors are the same little
dogs mentioned in Latin by Aristotle (384-322 BC) under the denomination
of "canes melitenses". Already known in the Roman era, the Bolognese appears
most especially among the very appreciated gifts which were made during
a whole era by the powerful of that world. Cosimo de Medici (1389-1464)
brought no less than eight to Brussels as gifts to as many Belgian noblemen.
Philipe II, King of Spain from 1556 to 1598, after having received two
as a gift from the Duke d'Este, thanks the donor in writing saying "that
these two little dogs are the most royal gifts one can make to an emperor".
Bolognese are represented in paintings of Titian, of Pierre Breughel called
le Vieux and Goya.
Small size, stocky and compact,
covered with a pure white coat long and fluffy.
Square built, the length of
the body being equal to the height at the withers.
BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT
Very serious, generally
not very active. Enterprising, docile, very much attached to his master
and his entourage.
Of medium length, reaches 1/3 of the height of the
withers. Its width, measured at the level of the zygomatic arch is the
same as its length.
The skull of slightly ovoid (egg-shaped)
shape in the sagital direction and rather flat in its upper part, has rather
convex sides; the
protuberances of the frontal bones are well developed - The longitudinal
axes of the skull and muzzle are parallel: the frontal furrow is slightly
the occipital protuberance slightly marked. The lenqth of the skull
is slightly more than that of the muzzle. Stop - Rather accentuated.
Nose - On the same line as the topline
of the muzzle; seen in profile, its foreface is on the vertical, is large
and must be black.
Muzzle - Its length is equal to 2/5 of the lenght of the head; the
topline of the muzzle is straight and the sides of the muzzle are parallel,
so that the forepart of
the muzzle is determined by the lower jaw. Jaws - Normally developed,
with top and bottom aches perfectly adapted. Teeth - White, evenly aligned,
strong and complete dentition. Articulation of lncisors as scissor
bite; pincer bite tolerated. Eyes - Set on an almost frontal plan: well
opened, of superior to
normal in size. Eyelid opening is round; the eyeball must not be prominent;
the white of the eye is not visible. The rims of the eyelids must be black,
and the iris
of a dark ochre colour. Ears - High set, they are long and hanging,
but rather rigid at their base, so that the upper part of the external
ear is detached from the
skull, giving thus the impression of the head being larger than it
Without dewlap; its length is equal to the length
of the head.
The dog being of a square construction, the
length of the body, measured from the point of the shoulder to the point
of the buttock bone is equal to that of the height at the withers. Top
profile - The straight profile of the back, and that of the loin, slightly
convex, merge harmoniously in the line of the croup.
Withers - Not very prominent from the top line. Chest - Ample, let
down to level of elbows, with well sprung ribs, the height reaching almost
half of the
height at the withers. Brisket - Point of sternum not very obvious.
Croup - Very slightly sloping; is very wide. Under line - Following the
profile of the
sternum, then rises slightly towards the belly. Tail - Set in the line
of the croup, carried curved over the back.
- Considered on the whole, they are perfectly straight
and parallel in relation to the median plane of the body.
Shoulders - The length of the shoulder blades is equal to 1/4 of the
withers; in relation to the horizontal, they are slanting and are near
the vertical in relation to the median plane of the body. They are well
free In their movements.
Upper-arm - Well joined to the body, of an almost equal length to that
shoulder, but less slanting.
Elbows - They are on a parallel plane to the median plane of the body.
Forearm - Its length is equal to that of the upper
arm: follows a perfect vertical direction. Pastern joint and pastern
- Seen from the front, they continue the vertical line of the forearm -
Seen in profile, the pastern is a little bit slanting. Forefeet - Oval
shaped, with well cushioned dark pads and very hard black nails.
- Considered on the whole and viewed from the back,
they must follow a perfectly vertical line from the point of the buttock
bone to the ground - they are parallel to each other.
Upper thighs - Their length is equal to 1/3 of the height of the withers.
They are slanting from top to bottom and back to front and are perfectly
parallel to the median plane of the body. Lower thighs - is longer than
the upper thigh.
Hock - The tibia-tarsal angle is not very closed. Hocks - The distance
from the point of the hock to the ground is slightly less than a third
of the height of the
Hindfeet - Same characteristics as the front feet, but less oval.
- Free, energetic, with a noble and distinguished
- Well taut and welded to the body all over, the visible
mucous membranes and the third eyelids strictly pigmented black.
- Type of hair - Long all over the body, from head to tail,
from the top line to the feet, shorter on the muzzle, rather fluffy, thus
not lying flat, but in flocks, never forms
fringes. Colour - Pure white, without any patches nor any shades of white.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
- Height at withers: males 27 to 30 cm - Females
25 to 28 cm. Weight: from 2,5 to 4 kg.
- Any departure from the foregoing points constitutes
a fault which when judging must be penalized according to its seriousness
and extension; the
same goes for squinting (strabismus).
- Accentuated convergence or divergence of the
upper longitudinal axes; convex muzzle (Roman nose) - prognathism, if it
the outer look of the muzzle - side under 25 cm and more than 33 cm
in the males and under 22 cm. or more than 32 cm in females.
- Undershot mouth - depigmentation of the
nose - nose of any other colour than black - bilateral depigmentation of
- wall-eyed - tailless - shortened tail whether natural or artificial -
any other colour than white - patches and flecks.
- Male should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.